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The Endemic Plants of Chile

Solanaceae

Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson

Place of Publication

Pl. Altoandinas Fl. Silv. Chile: 140 (1998b)

Type citation

Chile. Metropolitana: Alfalfar, Dec 1887, L. Kunze s.n. (lectotype here designated: SGO! [SGO000004516 acc. #055328]; isolectotype: SGO! [SGO000004515 acc. #042891]).

Synonyms

Common names

  • Mariposita roja (Hoffmann et al. (1998b))

References

  • Hoffmann et al. (1998b)

    Hoffman, A. , Liberona, F. , Muñoz, M. and Watson, J. 1998b. Plantas altoandinas en la flora silvestre de Chile. Santiago de Chile: Fundación Claudio Gay

  • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

    Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

    Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 4i–l

Regions

Metropolitana

Distribution and habitat

Restricted to Andes of the Metropolitan Region (Provinces of Santiago and Cordillera, 33°15'–33°30' lat. S) from 2000–2900 m above sea level. It occurs in loose soil; mostly along roadsides and in wet or flooded areas (vegas) (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

Distribution

  • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
    • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
      • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
        • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
          • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
            • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
              • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
                • Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson
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Habit

Annual or perennial herb

Key characteristics

The upper lip is bicoloured; yellow in the middle lobe and the upper half of the lateral lobes, while the lower half is mostly reddish, that continues to the lower lip. Upper middle lobe almost two times longer than the lateral lobes (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).