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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Schizanthus coccineus (Phil.) J.M. Watson

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Schizanthus >
  3. Family: Solanaceae

Place of Publication

Pl. Altoandinas Fl. Silv. Chile: 140 (1998b)

Type citation

Chile. Metropolitana: Alfalfar, Dec 1887, L. Kunze s.n. (lectotype here designated: SGO! [SGO000004516 acc. #055328]; isolectotype: SGO! [SGO000004515 acc. #042891]).

Synonyms

Common names

  • Mariposita roja

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 4i–l
  • Habit

    Annual or perennial herb

    Key characteristics

    The upper lip is bicoloured; yellow in the middle lobe and the upper half of the lateral lobes, while the lower half is mostly reddish, that continues to the lower lip. Upper middle lobe almost two times longer than the lateral lobes (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Regions

    Metropolitana

    Distribution and habitat

    Restricted to Andes of the Metropolitan Region (Provinces of Santiago and Cordillera, 33°15'–33°30' lat. S) from 2000–2900 m above sea level. It occurs in loose soil; mostly along roadsides and in wet or flooded areas (vegas) (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Distribution

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    References

    • Hoffmann et al. (1998b)

      Hoffman, A. , Liberona, F. , Muñoz, M. and Watson, J. 1998b. Plantas altoandinas en la flora silvestre de Chile. Santiago de Chile: Fundación Claudio Gay

    • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

      Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.

    • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

      Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102