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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Heliotropium filifolium (Miers) I.M.Johnst.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Heliotropium >
  3. Family: Heliotropiaceae

Place of Publication

Cont. Gray Herb. 81: 32 (1928)

Type citation

Based on Cochranea filifolia Miers. Chile, Region de Atacama, 'Conception' [dry valleys and hills between Huasco and Copiapô], [Sept. 1841], T. Bridges 1343 (lectotype BM, selected by Johnston (1928b: 32); isolectotypes A, Ε, G, Κ, Ρ F 515812, W).


Common names

  • palo negro

Conservation status

  • Vulnerable B2(b,c). (Luebert (2013))


  • Luebert (2013): Fig. 5. (a-f)
  • Descriptions

    • Luebert (2013)


    Erect shrubs, 0.3-1 m tall. Main flowering period from September to November.



    Distribution and habitat

    Coastal areas of the provinces of Huasco and Copiapó (Región de Atacama, Chile), 27°24'-28°36'S. Coastal plains and slopes within the fog-free area, between 20 and 530 meters above sea level. It can also occur some kilometers inland and often grows amongst in vegetation dominated by Atriplex clivicola, Balbisia peduncularis, Eulychnia breuiflora, Nolana werdermannii and Oxalis virgosa (Luebert. 2013).


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    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Johnston (1928)

      Johnston, I.M. 1928. Studies in the Boraginaceae. VII. The South American species of Heliotropium; Notes on various Boraginoideae. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 81:3-83

    • Luebert (2013)

      Luebert, F. 2013. A revision of Heliotropium sect. Cochranea (Heliotropiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68(1): 1-54.