The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Heliotropiaceae

Heliotropium floridum (A.DC.) Clos

Place of Publication

Fl. Chil. [Gay] 4(4): 457 (1849)

Type citation

Chile, ad Coquimbo, 1839, C.Gay 182 (holotype: C-DC; isotypes GH, P.)

Synonyms

References

  • Gay (1849f)

    Gay, C. 1849. Historia física y política de Chile: Botánica, vol. 4(4):385-516. Paris & Chile (Museo Historia Natural de Santiago)

  • Luebert (2013)

    Luebert, F. 2013. A revision of Heliotropium sect. Cochranea (Heliotropiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68(1): 1-54.

Iconography

  • Luebert (2013): Fig. 1 (A-B)

Regions

Antofagasta and Atacama

Habitat

Desert and Desert fog oasis

Distribution and habitat

A relatively extensive coastal range with in the provinces of Chañaral and Huasco (Región de Atacama) and Elqui (Región de Coquimbo) from 26°2'S to 29°15'S. Coastal dunes and rocky slopes from sea level to 270 m along with Atriplex clivicola, Eulychnia breviflora, Chuquriaga ulicina and Cristaria glaucophylla.

Distribution

  • Heliotropium floridum (A.DC.) Clos
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Conservation status

  • Least Concern (Luebert (2010))

Descriptions

  • Luebert (2013)

Habit

Erect shrubs 15–18 cm tall with ascending branches. Flowering from September to November.

Key characteristics

This can be confused with other Chilean species where their distributions overlap. For example, it is similar to H. longistylum but differs in not having glutinous foliage. It can also be confused with H. megalanthum from which it differs in having stiff hairs on the leaf surface, a style longer than the stigmatic head and an erect growth habit.

Notes

Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.