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The Endemic Plants of Chile

Berberidaceae

Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.

Place of Publication

Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. [Poepp. & Endl.] 2: 63 (1828)

Type citation

“Crescit in Chile australis alpinis frigidis montis Pico de Pilque”

Synonyms

References

  • Landrum (1999)

    Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

    Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción

  • Poeppig & Endlicher (1838)

    Poeppig, E. and Endlicher , S. 1828. Nova genera ac species plantarum, quas in regno chilensi peruviano et in terra amazonica annis mdcccxxvii ad mdcccxxxii legit Eduardus Poeppig et cum Stephano Endlicher descripsit iconibusque illustravit, vol. 2.

Iconography

  • Landrum (1999): figs 3D, 13A
  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003): Lam. 3

Regions

Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos and Ñuble

Habitat

Mountain ranges, Andean cordilleras, Temperate Forests and Deciduous forest

Distribution and habitat

Restricted to central and southern Chile, from Curicó (Region Maule) to Temuco (Region Araucanaia), and perhaps to Rio Bueno (Region Los Lagos) where the type of B. umbellata is reported to have been collected. A shrub of open Nothofagus forest understory and regeneration (Landrum, 1999).

Distribution

  • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
    • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
      • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
        • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
          • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
            • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
              • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
                • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
                  • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
                    • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
                      • Berberis rotundifolia Poepp. & Endl.
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Descriptions

  • Landrum (1999)
  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

Habit

Deciduous shrub to 1.5 m, Flowering from November to January and fruiting from January to March.

Key characteristics

B. rotundifolia is part of a complex of species related to B. actinacantha but differs by having leaf
margins nearly all entire, with only a few teeth sometimes present; peduncle plus rachis (if any) of inflorescence 1-4 cm long (Landrum 1999). The most relible character is the backward pointing, foliaceous or star-like spines.

Notes

Some forms of B. corymbosa of Isla Mastierra (Juan Fernández Archipelego) are similar in leaf shape and texture and the possibility of a relationship must be considered (Landrum, 1999)