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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Berberis valdiviana Phil.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Berberis >
  3. Family: Berberidaceae

Place of Publication

Linnaea 28: 609 (1857a)

Type citation

“Ad Dagli pulli provinciae Valdiviae crecit”, Philipii s.n. [Holotype, SGO-063359]


Common names

  • Clen, espina en cruz


  • Landrum (1999)


Evergreen shrub or small tree to 3m tall. Flowering mainly from September to November and fruiting mainly from November to January.

Key characteristics

Its many-flowered racemes are unlike any other Berberis speciies native to Chile. Leaves mostly elliptic, lustrous above and below, the margins usually entire.


Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos and Ñuble

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to southern central Chile, where occurs from the southern end of Region Metropolitana in Reserva Nacional Roblería del Cobre de Loncha to La Unión (Region Los Ríos). An understory shrub or small tree of Nothofagus forests but only occurs as scattered individuals. Populations have become much reduced or become wiped-out due to land clearance for agriculture etc . Today it is often seen regenerating along roads and in small pastures, probably from root sprouts.


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Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


  • Landrum (1999)

    Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

    Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción

  • Philippi R.A. (1857a)

    Philippi, R.A. 1857a. Plantarum novarum Chilensium centuria prima. Linnaea 28: 609-655, 661-752