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The Endemic Plants of Chile – an Annotated Checklist

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Berberis congestiflora Gay

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Berberis >
  3. Family: Berberidaceae

Place of Publication

Fl. Chil. [Gay] 1.: 81 (1845)

Type citation

Valdivia, Gay s.n., 1839 [Lectotype, designated by Landrum 1999, P; isolectotypes: P, G]

Common names

  • michai (Landrum (1999))

Conservation status

  • Not Threatened

Iconography

  • Landrum (1999): Figs: 4F-H, 6C, 10B
  • Descriptions

    • Landrum (1999)

    Habit

    Evergreen shrub to 3m tall. Flowering mainly from October to December. Fruiting mainly in January (Landrum, 1999).

    Key characteristics

    Closely related to B, actinacantha from which it differs by having new leaves appeareing on flowering branches (vs. non-flowering branches) with entire leaves distinctly white glaucous beneath (vs. toothed margins not glaucous beneath), upto 25 flowers per inflorescence, pedicles 2-4 mm long (vs. 14, pedicles 3-20 mm long) (Landrum, 1999).

    Regions

    Araucanía (IX) and Los Ríos (XIV)

    Distribution and habitat

    Restricted to the Central Valley of Chile where it occurs from Province Cautin (Region Araucanía) to La Unión (Region Los Ríos). It grows in open areas that has now been converted to agricultural land and is often seen along fence lines (Landrum, 1999).

    Distribution

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    References

    • Gay (1845)

      Gay, C. 1845. Historia física y política de Chile: Botánica, vol. 1(1):1-104. Paris & Chile (Museo Historia Natural de Santiago)

    • Landrum (1999)

      Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

    • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

      Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción