The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Berberidaceae

Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis

Place of Publication

Bot. Misc. 3(8-9): 135 (1833)

Type citation

Chile. Talaca, Gillies s.n. (syntype, E-GL not seen; = SGO photo!); Valparaíso, Bridges s.n. (syntype, E-GL? not seen)

Synonyms

Common names

  • Michay (Navas (1976))

References

  • Hooker J.D. (1833a)

    Hooker, W.J 1833. Contributions towards a flora of South America & the islands of the Pacific. Botanical Miscellany, vol. 3(8-9):129-211, 302-367. London: John Murray

  • Landrum (1999)

    Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

    Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción

Iconography

  • Landrum (1999): Figs. 2C, 6B, 9C

Regions

Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble

Habitat

Mediterranean and Mountain matorral & sclerophyllous forest

Distribution and habitat

Distributed from Ovalle (Region Coquimbo) to Malleco (Region Araucanía). It mainly occures in the pre-cordillera of the Andes where it is a component of the slerophyllous vegetation often in fairly open habitats from 370 to 1600 m (Landrum, 1999).

Distribution

  • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
    • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
      • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
        • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
          • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
            • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
              • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                  • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                    • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                      • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                        • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                          • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                            • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                              • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                  • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                    • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                      • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                        • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                          • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                            • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                              • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                  • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                    • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                      • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                        • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                          • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                            • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                              • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                                • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
                                                                  • Berberis chilensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. chilensis
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Descriptions

  • Landrum (1999)
  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

Habit

Evergreen shrub to 2 m tall. Flowering mainly in September and October. Fruiting mainly from November to March (Landrum, 1999).

Key characteristics

Style long; stamens without tooth-like appendages; spines 3-armed, usually large; inflorescence a several-flowered raceme; leaves with toothed margins, acute apices, flat midevein above, and often glaucous (Landrum, 1999). It differs to B. chilensis var. brachybotria by having recurved leaves with the margins directed upward and marginal teeth 2-7 mm long (vs leaves nearly flat, marginal teeth 1-2 mm long) (Landrum, 1999).

Notes

Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.