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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Acaena trifida Ruiz & Pav. var. trifida

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Acaena >
  3. Family: Rosaceae

Place of Publication

Fl. Peruv. [Ruiz & Pavon] 1: 67, t. 104, f. c (1798b)

Type citation

Chile. ‘‘Habitat in Regni Chilensis pascuis, campis et collibus Rere, Itataeet Conceptionis Provinciarum, ad Huilquilemu, Culenco, Penco, Talcahuano, Hualpen et Carcamo tractus,’’ Ruiz & Pavón s.n. (holotype, MA [Herbarium Peruvianum, Ruiz et Pavón, 10/82]!).


Common names

  • pimpinela
  • amores secos


  • Marticorena (2006): fig. 7c, d
  • Descriptions

    • Marticorena (2006)


    Perennial up to 36 cm tall. Fruiting September to February.

    Key characteristics

    There are two varieties of Acaena trifida endemic to Chile. This variety is more-or-less hairy throughout and the cupules containing the fruit have silky hairs while in var. glabrescens all parts are without any kind of hairs.


    Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    This variety has an extensive distribution throughout Chile (mostly in coastal regions), from Choapa Province (Region Coquimbo) to Volcán Villarica (Region Araucanía). It grows on sandy substrates in rocky places in open sclerophyllous forests, from 15-1800 m above sea level, (Marticorena, 2006).


    Show all locations
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    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Ruiz & Pavón (1798b)

      Ruiz, H. and Pavon, J.A. 1798b. Flora peruviana, et chilensis prodromus, sive descriptiones, et icones plantarum peruvianarum, et chilensium, secundum systema Linnaeanum digesta, vol. 1. Romae: Paleariniano

    • Baeza (1921)

      Baeza, V. M 1921. Los nombres vulgares de las plantas silvestres de Chile i su concordancia con los nombres científicos. Anales Univ. de Chile 147: 209–332

    • Marticorena (2006)

      Marticorena, A 2006. Revisión del género Acaena (Rosaceae) en Chile. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 93(3), 412-454.