The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Tropaeolum sessilifolium Poepp. & Endl.

Place of Publication

Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. [Poepp. & Endl.] 1: 24, t. 38, f.1–11. (1835)

Type citation

Chile, northern sector ('Chile bor.'), mountains ('Cordillera'), Poeppig (probably) s.n. (lectotype: W, possible isotype: MO).


  • Poeppig & Endlicher (1835)

    Poeppig, E.F. and Endlicher, I.L. 1835. Nova genera ac species plantarum, quas in regno chilensi peruviano et in terra amazonica annis mdcccxxvii ad mdcccxxxii legit Eduardus Poeppig et cum Stephano Endlicher descripsit iconibusque illustravit, vol. 1.

  • Sparre & Andersson (1991)

    Sparre, B. and Andersson, L. 1991. A taxonomic revision of the Tropaeolaceae, Opera Botanica 108:1-139

  • Watson & Flores (2010c)

    Watson, J.M. and Flores, A.R. 2010c. A synopsis of perennial tuberous Tropaeolum L. Section Chilensia Sparre (Tropaeoleaceae), including validation of three subsections and a new, reclassified natural hybrid. Herbertia 64: 150-281


  • Watson & Flores (2010c): Fig 14-17


Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana and Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins

Distribution and habitat

Central Chile, between southern Coquimbo Region and O'Higgins Region from 1900 to 2700 metres above sea level. Upper Andean vegetation and also more xerophytic, shrubby Andean habitats from slightly lower elevations and often seen growing through or supported by Anarthrophyllum andicola and Viviania marifolia (Watson & Flores, 2010c).


  • Watson & Flores (2010c)


Short, slender, tuberous perennial herb.

Key characteristics

A very distinctive species with sessile to subsessile leaves and succulent, entire leaflets which also bears long-spurred (ca 15 mm) flowers. Flowers mostly white with an orange throat,