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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Tropaeolum ciliatum Ruiz & Pav. subsp. septentrionale Sparre

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Tropaeolum >
  3. Family: Tropaeoleaceae

Place of Publication

Opera Bot.108: 25–26, f.5H (1991)

Type citation

Chile, Valparaíso Region, La Troya, ca 12 km from Limache, 400-600 m. Morrison 16728 (holotype: S, isotypes: G, GH, K, LIL, MO, SI, UC).


  • Watson & Flores (2010c): Fig 8
  • Rix (2010b): Pl. 685


    • Rix (2010b)
    • Sparre & Andersson (1991)


    Vigorous, woody climber from 4–6 m tall.

    Key characteristics

    Compared with T. ciliatum ssp. ciliatum which has a more southwern distribution ssp. septentrionale has a longer spur to its flower corolla.


    Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    Central Chile from Concepción to north Cautín with an altitudinal range from 400-2000 metres above sea level. Common in sclerophyllous forest, especially in valleys and depressions where it can form a blanket cover over trees and shrubs.


    • Rix (2010b)

      Rix, M. 2010b. Tropaeolum ciliatum. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 37(3): 285–289.

    • Sparre & Andersson (1991)

      Sparre, B. and Andersson, L. 1991. A taxonomic revision of the Tropaeolaceae, Opera Botanica 108:1-139

    • Watson & Flores (2010c)

      Watson, J.M. and Flores, A.R. 2010c. A synopsis of perennial tuberous Tropaeolum L. Section Chilensia Sparre (Tropaeoleaceae), including validation of three subsections and a new, reclassified natural hybrid. Herbertia 64: 150-281