The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Solanaceae

Solanum alphonsei Dunal

Place of Publication

Prodr. [DC.] 13(1): 69 (1852)

Type citation

Switzerland. Cultivated in Geneva, 1834, originally from Chile (lectotype, designated here: G-DC [G00144607].

Synonyms

References

  • de Candolle (1852)

    de Candolle, A.P. 1852. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum, specierumque plantarum hucusque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta, vol.13(1). Parisiis: sumptibus Sociorum Treuttel et Würtz

  • Knapp (2013)

    Knapp, S. 2013. A revision of the Dulcamaroid Clade of Solanum L. (Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 22: 1–432

Iconography

  • Knapp (2013): Fig. 12(A-H)

Regions

Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins and Maule

Distribution and habitat

Occurs in central Chile from the Province Rancagua (Region VII (O'Higgins)) to Province Curicó (Region VII (Maule)) in both the Coastal and Andean Cordilleras. Found from sea-level to 3000 m where it is usually associated with in Nothofagus forest or its margins. This is a poorly known species and further collections may extend the distribution into adjacent parts of Argentina.

Descriptions

  • Knapp (2013)

Habit

Woody climber or lax shrub to 1 m tall.

Key characteristics

Similar to S. valdiviense but differs in being a climber with non-angled stems and twining petioles, in having open and widely branched inflorescences and in its leaves are rhomboid or triangular in outline. The flowers of S. alphonsei are in smaller than those of S.valdiviense, and are less deeply lobed.

Notes

Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.