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The Endemic Plants of Chile

Brassicaceae

Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.

Place of Publication

Anales Univ. Chile 81: 192 (1892)

Type citation

CHILE [Region Atacama], Caldera, Sep. 1885, E Philippi 1941 (holotype: SGO)

References

  • Philippi R.A. (1892a)

    Philippi, R.A. 1892. Plantas nuevas Chilenas de la familia Crucíferas, Bixáceas, Violáceas, Polygáleas. Anales de la Universidad de Chile 81:65-86, 177-195, 329-347, 489-498

  • Al-Shehbaz (1989)

    Al-Shehbaz, I.A. 1989. Systematic and phylogeny of Schizopetalon (Brassicaceae). Harvard Papers Botany 1(1): 10-46.

Iconography

  • Al-Shehbaz (1989): fig. 2a; 3a,b

Regions

Atacama, Coquimbo and Valparaíso

Distribution and habitat

Sandy hills and sandy areas around rock outcrops at altitudes of 58 to 580 m.

Distribution

  • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
    • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
      • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
        • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
          • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
            • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
              • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
                • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
                  • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
                    • Schizopetalon biseriatum Phil.
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Descriptions

  • Al-Shehbaz (1989)

Habit

Annual herb with stems 8-20 cm tall. Flowering from September to early October

Key characteristics

This is the only species of the genus with seeds biseriately (in two rows) arranged in each locule of the fruit. The lack of bracts distinguishes it from the closely related S. arcuatum.

Notes

Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.