The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Solanaceae

Schizanthus laetus Phil.

Place of Publication

Reise Atacama: 45 (1860)

Type citation

Chile. Antofagasta: Cachinal, R.A. Philippi s.n. (lectotype designated by Grau and Gronbach 1984, pg. 146 [as type]: SGO! [SGO000004526 acc. #055389]).

Synonyms

References

  • Philippi R.A. (1860b)

    Philippi, R.A. 1860. Reise durch die Wűste Atacama auf Befehl der chilenischen Regierung im Sommer 1853-54. 62 pp.

  • Grau & Gronbach (1984)

    Grau, J. and Gronbach, E. 1984. Untersuchungen zur variabilität in der Gattung Schizanthus (Solanaceae). Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 20: 111-203

  • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

    Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

    Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 3e–h

Regions

Tarapacá and Antofagasta

Habitat

Desert and Desert fog oases (Lomas)

Distribution and habitat

Occurs along the coast of the Regions of Tarapacá (Province of Iquique, 20°40' lat. S) and Antofagasta (Province of Antofagasta, 26°0' lat. S), from 20–900 m above sea level. It grows in the fog zone, on steep hillsides, in watercourse and alluvial fans; between rocks and in sandy and gravel soil (coarse sand). Within these places, it prefers wet areas with organic material. It forms part of Lomas vegetation where it can be associated with Echinopsis deserticola and Euphorbia lactiflua (Morales-Fierro et al. 2020).

Distribution

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Key characteristics

Flowers dark violet or paler, upper middle lobe without a distinctive yellow area, but white and dotted with dark spots at the base. Lower lip of the corolla of similar length as the upper lip (Morales-Fierro et al. 2020).