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The Endemic Plants of Chile – an Annotated Checklist

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Schizanthus integrifolius Phil.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Schizanthus >
  3. Family: Solanaceae

Place of Publication

Anales Univ. Chile 43: 530 (1873a)

Type citation

Chile. Atacama: In andis Copiapo, Dec 1841, C. Gay 1174 bis (lectotype here designated: SGO! [SGO000004520 acc. #055382]).

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 2h–k
  • Habit

    Herb 60-80 cm tall

    Key characteristics

    Distinguishing characters include a reduced inferior lip, compared to the upper lip and white flowers with a very long corolla tube which is two or three times longer than the calyx. The basal leaves have entire or dentate and undulate margins (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Regions

    Atacama and Coquimbo

    Distribution and habitat

    Occurs in Andes and valleys of the Regions of Atacama (Province of Chañaral, 26°20' lat. S) to Coquimbo (Province of Elqui, 30°10' lat. S) from 800–2800 m above sea level. It frequents rocky areas on hillsides and screes. It prefers well-drained soils, like coarse sand and is less abundant when growing in clay soils. Associated species include Heliotropium sinuatum, Encelia canescens and Spinoliva ilicifolia (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Distribution

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    Notes

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

    References

    • Philippi R.A. (1873a)

      Philippi, R.A. 1873a. Descripcion de las plantas nuevas incorporadas últimamente en el herbario chileno. Anales de la Universidad de Chile 43: 479-583

    • Grau & Gronbach (1984)

      Grau, J. and Gronbach, E. 1984. Untersuchungen zur variabilität in der Gattung Schizanthus (Solanaceae). Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 20: 111-203

    • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

      Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.

    • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

      Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102