Choose language / Elija su lenguaje

Español English

The Endemic Plants of Chile

Previous | Next

Schizanthus integrifolius Phil.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Schizanthus >
  3. Family: Solanaceae

Place of Publication

Anales Univ. Chile 43: 530 (1873a)

Type citation

Chile. Atacama: In andis Copiapo, Dec 1841, C. Gay 1174 bis (lectotype here designated: SGO! [SGO000004520 acc. #055382]).

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 2h–k
  • Habit

    Herb 60-80 cm tall

    Key characteristics

    Distinguishing characters include a reduced inferior lip, compared to the upper lip and white flowers with a very long corolla tube which is two or three times longer than the calyx. The basal leaves have entire or dentate and undulate margins (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Regions

    Atacama and Coquimbo

    Habitat

    Desert and Desert fog oasis

    Distribution and habitat

    Occurs in Andes and valleys of the Regions of Atacama (Province of Chañaral, 26°20' lat. S) to Coquimbo (Province of Elqui, 30°10' lat. S) from 800–2800 m above sea level. It frequents rocky areas on hillsides and screes. It prefers well-drained soils, like coarse sand and is less abundant when growing in clay soils. Associated species include Heliotropium sinuatum, Encelia canescens and Spinoliva ilicifolia (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Distribution

    Show all locations
    Here is #map_1

    Notes

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

    References

    • Philippi R.A. (1873a)

      Philippi, R.A. 1873a. Descripcion de las plantas nuevas incorporadas últimamente en el herbario chileno. Anales de la Universidad de Chile 43: 479-583

    • Grau & Gronbach (1984)

      Grau, J. and Gronbach, E. 1984. Untersuchungen zur variabilität in der Gattung Schizanthus (Solanaceae). Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 20: 111-203

    • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

      Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.

    • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

      Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102