The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Myrtaceae

Myrceugenia correifolia (Hook. & Arn.) O.Berg

Place of Publication

Linnaea 30: 670 (1861)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia correifolia Hook. & Arn. "Chili" Cuming 95 (syntype: probably K; isotypes: E-00005902, E-00005903; Cruckshanks s.n. "Valparaíso" (syntypes: probably K, E-00285744).

Synonyms

Common names

  • petrillo, petrilla (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

References

  • Berg (1861)

    Berg, O.C. 1861. Mantissa II. ad Myrtacearum Americae. Linnaea 30: 647-713

Iconography

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): p. 91
  • : Fig. 12J

Regions

Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins and Maule

Habitat

Temperate Forests and Relict coastal forest

Distribution and habitat

Mainly occurs in coastal habitats of central Chile from Region Coquimbo (Province Limari) Region Maule (Province Curicó. Its has an altitudinal range of between 20 to 680 m in areas which are subject to coastal fog growing in association with sclerophylous vegetation. Typical associated species include Aextoxicon punctatum, Berberis actinacantha, Citronella mucronata, Peumus boldus and Schinus latifolius Hechenleitner, 2005).

Conservation status

  • Endangered EN B1ab(iii) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Descriptions

  • Landrum (1986)
  • Landrum (1988)

Habit

Tree or shrub to 4 m tall. Flowering August to February. Fruiting June to September.

Key characteristics

This species can be easily identified due to its large leaves which have revolute margins and a single-flowered inflorescence. It could be confused with M. exsucca but the young leaves are a distinctive wine-red colour and young stems are suffused with pale-orange. The young stems and leaves of M. correifolia are pale green.