The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Myrceugenia colchaguensis (Phil.) L.E. Navas

Place of Publication

Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 29(14): 230 (1970)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia colchaguensis Phil. "In provincia Colchagua", Landbeck s.n. (holotype: SGO-064324; probable isotype: P)


Common names

  • colchaguillo (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • arrayán de Colchagua (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • lumilla (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))


  • Navas (1970)

    Navas, E 1970. Distribución geográfica de las Mirtáceas Chilenas. Boletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile 29(14):223-247


  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): p. 89
  • Landrum (1988): Fig. 12K


Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble


Temperate Forests and Valdivian rainforest

Distribution and habitat

This species has an extremely fragmented distribution from Province Valparaíso (33°47'S) to Province Cautín (38°47'S) with about 10 recorded locations. It mainly occurs in small sub-populations in coastal areas with a few locations in the Central Valley. It has an altitudinal range of between 50 and 400 m and occurs in seasonally wet habitats often with other myrtle species such as Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii, Luma apiculata and L. chequen (Hechenleitner et al. 2005).

Conservation status

  • Critically Endangered CR B2ab(i,iii,v) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))


Small tree (often seen as a large shrub) up to 4 m tall. Flowering January to February. Fruiting October to November.

Key characteristics

This species can be identified on the basis of its calyx-lobes being covered with dense yellow hairs and the flowers stalks with a single flower.