The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Myrtaceae

Myrceugenia colchaguensis (Phil.) L.E. Navas

Place of Publication

Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 29(14): 230 (1970)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia colchaguensis Phil. "In provincia Colchagua", Landbeck s.n. (holotype: SGO-064324; probable isotype: P)

Synonyms

Common names

  • colchaguillo (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • arrayán de Colchagua (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • lumilla (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

References

  • Navas (1970)

    Navas, E 1970. Distribución geográfica de las Mirtáceas Chilenas. Boletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile 29(14):223-247

Iconography

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): p. 89
  • Landrum (1988): Fig. 12K

Regions

Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble

Distribution and habitat

This species has an extremely fragmented distribution from Province Valparaíso (33°47'S) to Province Cautín (38°47'S) with about 10 recorded locations. It mainly occurs in small sub-populations in coastal areas with a few locations in the Central Valley. It has an altitudinal range of between 50 and 400 m and occurs in seasonally wet habitats often with other myrtle species such as Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii, Luma apiculata and L. chequen (Hechenleitner et al. 2005).

Conservation status

  • Critically Endangered CR B2ab(i,iii,v) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Habit

Small tree (often seen as a large shrub) up to 4 m tall. Flowering January to February. Fruiting October to November.

Key characteristics

This species can be identified on the basis of its calyx-lobes being covered with dense yellow hairs and the flowers stalks with a single flower.