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The Endemic Plants of Chile


Heliotropium chenopodiaceum (A. DC.) Clos

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Heliotropium >
  3. Family: Heliotropiaceae

Place of Publication

Fl. Chil. [Gay] 4(4): 458 (1849)

Type citation

Chile, prov. Coquimbo, 1939, Gay s.n. (lectotype: G-DC selected by Miers (1868, 132): possible isolectotypes: BM, F 515900, G, GH, K, LE.)


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Conservation status

  • Least Concern (Luebert (2013))


  • Luebert (2013)


Erect shrub 20–80 cm tall. Flowering mainly from September to November

Key characteristics

It could be confused with H. myosotifolium which tends to have larger leaves and flowers but in rainy seasons this may not be the case. The most consistent difference is the calyx lobes which are joined to half of their length in H. chenopodiaceum whereas they are totally free in H. myosotifolium.


Antofagasta, Atacama and Coquimbo


Desert and Desert fog oasis

Distribution and habitat

Extensive geographical distribution mainly on inland mountains and Andean foothills. Dry desert sites from 200–2250 meters above sea level in open dwarf scrub where it can be the dominant species.


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Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


  • Gay (1849f)

    Gay, C. 1849. Historia física y política de Chile: Botánica, vol. 4(4):385-516. Paris & Chile (Museo Historia Natural de Santiago)

  • Miers (1868a)

    Miers, J. 1868. Observations on some of the Heliotropieae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4 2(8)

  • Luebert (2013)

    Luebert, F. 2013. A revision of Heliotropium sect. Cochranea (Heliotropiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68(1): 1-54.