The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii (Hook. & Arn.) Nied.

Place of Publication

Pflanzenr. 3(7): 71 (1893)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia cruckshanksii Hook. & Arn. Chile: "Valparaíso" Cruckshanks s.n. (lectotype: (designated by Landrum in Fl. Neotropica 45: 116) E. 00285759; isolectotype: K).


View more synonyms …

Common names

  • palo colorado (Landrum (1988))
  • temu (Landrum (1988))


  • Niedenzu (1893)

    Niedenzu, F. 1893. Myrtaceae. Das Pflanzenreich 3(7):57-105

  • Landrum (1986)

    Landrum, L.R. 1986. Campomanesia, Pimenta, Blepharocalyx, Legrandia, Acca, Myrrhinum and Luma. Flora Neotropica Monograph 45:131-133

  • Landrum (1988)

    Landrum, L R 1988. The Myrtle Family (Myrtaceae) in Chile. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 45(12):277-317


  • Landrum (1988): Fig. 1E–G


  • Landrum (1986)
  • Landrum (1988)


Tree or shrub to 15 m tall. Flowering mostly from December to February. Fruits mature from February to April.

Key characteristics

Flowering specimens are sometimes confused with Myrceugenia exsucca (the two species often occur together) but the former has deciduous bracteoles and not persistent as in the latter. B. cruckshanksii usually has a notched leaf apex and the twigs are only sparsely hairy. In Myrceugenia exsucca the leaf apex is entire and the twigs are densely hairy (Landrum 1988).