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The Endemic Plants of Chile – an Annotated Checklist

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Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii (Hook. & Arn.) Nied.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Blepharocalyx >
  3. Family: Myrtaceae

Place of Publication

Pflanzenr. 3(7): 71 (1893)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia cruckshanksii Hook. & Arn. Chile: "Valparaíso" Cruckshanks s.n. (lectotype: (designated by Landrum in Fl. Neotropica 45: 116) E. 00285759; isolectotype: K).

Synonyms

View more synonyms …

Common names

  • temu, palo colorado (Landrum (1988))

Iconography

  • Landrum (1988): Fig. 1E–G
  • Descriptions

    • Landrum (1986)
    • Landrum (1988)

    Habit

    Tree or shrub to 15 m tall. Flowering mostly from December to February. Fruits mature from February to April.

    Key characteristics

    Flowering specimens are sometimes confused with Myrceugenia exsucca (the two species often occur together) but the former has deciduous bracteoles and not persistent as in the latter. B. cruckshanksii usually has a notched leaf apex and the twigs are only sparsely hairy. In Myrceugenia exsucca the leaf apex is entire and the twigs are densely hairy (Landrum 1988).

    Regions

    Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    One of the most common Myrtaceae in south-central Chile occurring from Prov. Aconcagua to Llanquihue in both the coastal and Andean Cordilleras from 500 to 1000 m above sea level. Often occurring in swampy habitats, especially near to watercourses in rainforest.

    References

    • Niedenzu (1893)

      Niedenzu, F. 1893. Myrtaceae. Das Pflanzenreich 3(7):57-105

    • Landrum (1986)

      Landrum, L.R. 1986. Campomanesia, Pimenta, Blepharocalyx, Legrandia, Acca, Myrrhinum and Luma. Flora Neotropica Monograph 45:131-133

    • Landrum (1988)

      Landrum, L R 1988. The Myrtle Family (Myrtaceae) in Chile. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 45(12):277-317