The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Berberis horrida Gay

Place of Publication

Fl. Chil. [Gay] 1.: 84 (1845)

Type citation

Chile. Provincias centrales, Gay s.n. (lectotype, (designated by Landrum, 1999), P! [sheet a mixed collection, lefthand portion lectotype; right- hand portion B. actinacantha, excluded], = ASU photo!; isolectotype, P! [mixed collection, as in previous, lefthand portion isolectotype], = F-34526!).



  • Gay (1845)

    Gay, C. 1845. Historia física y política de Chile: Botánica, vol. 1(1):1-104. Paris & Chile (Museo Historia Natural de Santiago)

  • Landrum (1999)

    Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

    Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción


  • Landrum (1999): Figs. 7C, 11C


Valparaíso, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins and Biobío


Mediterranean and Mountain matorral & sclerophyllous forest

Distribution and habitat

An uncommon species with it's main distribution restricted to central Chile from Cerro La Campana (Region Valparaíso) to the cordillera of San Fernando (Region O'Higgins). A recent collection has been made from Santa Juan close to Concepción (Marticorena & Rodríguez, 2003). Grows in sclerophyllous scrub along rocky river terraces in the precordillera of the Andes at about 800 to 1000 m.


  • Berberis horrida Gay
    • Berberis horrida Gay
      • Berberis horrida Gay
        • Berberis horrida Gay


  • Landrum (1999)


Shrub up to ca. 2 m high. Flowering mainly in September and October and fruiting mostly in December and January Landrum, 1999).

Key characteristics

It can be confused with B. actinacantha but differs in the lower leaf surface having raised, reticulate veins and covered with stiff. erect hairs.