The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Asteraceae

Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray

Place of Publication

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 137 (1862)

Type citation

Orange Harbour, & c. Fuegia, U.S. South Pacific Exploring Exp., 1838-42.” (Lectotype: designated by Swenson (1995:182): GH. Isolectotipos en P, US)

Synonyms

References

  • Gray A. (1862)

    Gray, A. 1862. Characters of some Compositae in the Collection of the United States South pacific Exploring Expedition under captain Wilkes, with Observations, &c. Proceedings of the American Academy of Art and Sciences 5: 114-173

  • Moore (1983)

    Moore, D.M. 1983. Flora of Tierra del Fuego. Shrewsbury: Anthony Nelson

  • Swenson (1995)

    Swenson, U. 1995. Systematics of Abrotanella, an Amphi-pacific genus of Asteraceae (Senecioneae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 197: 149-193

  • Stuessy (2017)

    Stuessy, T.F. , Crawford, D.J. , López-Sepúlveda, P. , Baeza, C.M, and Ruiz, E.A. 2017. Plants of Oceanic Islands Evolution, Biogeography, and Conservation of the Flora of the Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe) Archipelago. Cambridge University Press.

Iconography

  • Cabrera (1971b): fig. 160

Regions

Los Lagos, Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena and Archipiélago de Juan Fernández

Habitat

MEDITERRANEAN, TEMPERATE FOREST, Juan Fernández rainforest, PATAGONIAN STEPPE AND ANDEAN FOREST and WETLANDS

Distribution and habitat

Most populations occur in the archipelago of southernmost Chile but with locations in the Cordillera de Piuchén on Chiloé Island, and on Alexander Selkirk Island (Juan Fernández archipelago). It often forms small cushions or lax mats in open habitats such as mountain bogs, seepage areas, alpine moors and along streams. It has an altitudinal range from sea level in southern Chile to 1400 m on Alexander Selkirk Island (Moore,1983; Swenson, 1995).

This species has a markedly separated (disjunct) distribution, most notably with a population on Alexander Selkirk Island (Juan Fernández archipelago) some 1,155 km from the nearest population on the Island of Chiloé. This subantarctic element found on this Pacific island is the result of seed or possibly plantlets becoming attached to migratory birds (Stuessy, 2017).

Distribution

  • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
    • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
      • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
        • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
          • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
            • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
              • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
                • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
                  • Abrotanella linearifolia A.Gray
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Descriptions

  • Cabrera (1971b)
  • Moore (1983)
  • Swenson (1995)

Habit

Forms small cushions or lax mats. Flowering December to February

Key characteristics

This species can occur with A. purpurea and the two species have been confused as they both have purple flowers. A. linearifolia differs by having that are pointed, linear-oblanceolate (vs. blunt and linear) and tubular central florets (vs. campanulate).