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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Schizanthus candidus Lindl.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Schizanthus >
  3. Family: Solanaceae

Place of Publication

Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29: t.45 (1843)

Type citation

Chile. Atacama: Coquimbo?, T.C. Bridges 1356 (lectotype designated by Grau and Gronbach 1984, pg. 124 [as type]: K! [K00058348, photo at IND! [IND-0107170]]; isolectotypes: BM! [BM000995488, BM000995489], E! [E00089541], G [n.v., F! neg. 23090], P! [P00477035, P00477036]).

Synonyms

Common names

  • mariposita blanca

Iconography

  • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020): fig. 2e–g
  • Habit

    Annual herb, 30-60 cm tall

    Key characteristics

    Unique in that the white flowers have a corolla tube that can be longer or as long as the calyx; the lower lip of the corolla is reduced, compared to the upper part. Pinnatisect leaves with linear lobes (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Regions

    Atacama

    Habitat

    Desert and Desert fog oasis

    Distribution and habitat

    Restricted to the coast and interior valleys of the Region of Atacama (Provinces of Copiapó and Huasco, 27°50'–29°0' lat. S), 20–200 m above sea level. It grows abundantly among rocks over fine sand, in dry places or in seasonally wet valleys with scattered shrubs. It can occur with Leontochir ovallei, Cistanthe grandiflora, Chaetanthera limbata and Senecio troncosii. It is most abundant in El Niño events, being a main element of the “blooming desert” (Morales-Fierro et al., 2020).

    Distribution

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    Notes

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

    References

    • Lindley (1843)

      Lindley, J. 1843. Schizanthus candidus. Edwards's Botanical Register 29: t.45

    • Morales-Fierro et al. (2020)

      Morales-Fierro, Vanezza , Muñoz-Schick, Mélica and Moreira-Muñoz, Andrés 2020. Synopsis of Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), a genus endemic to the southern Andes. PhytoKeys 154: 57–102

    • Grau & Gronbach (1984)

      Grau, J. and Gronbach, E. 1984. Untersuchungen zur variabilität in der Gattung Schizanthus (Solanaceae). Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 20: 111-203

    • Muñoz-Schick & Moreira-Muñoz (2008b)

      Muñoz-Schick, M. and Moreira-Muñoz , A 2008. El género Schizanthus (Solanaceae) en Chile. Revista Chagual (Jardín Botánico Chagual, Santiago) 6: 21–32.