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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Puya coerulea Lindl. var. coerulea

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Puya >
  3. Family: Bromeliaceae

Place of Publication

Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26: t.11 (1840)

Type citation

Edwards’s Botanical Register (1840) 26: pl. 11


Common names

  • chagual
  • chagualillo.

Conservation status

  • Near Threatened (Zizka et al. (2009))


  • Zizka et al. (2013): Fig. 1(E)
  • Descriptions

    • Smith & Downs (1974)
    • Zizka et al. (2013)


    Perennial with flowering stems 2.5 m tall. Flowers from October to February.

    Key characteristics

    The following key to the varieties of P. coerulea has been adapted from Zizka et al. (2013)

    + Flower bracts shorter than the flower stalks = var. violacea

    + Flower bracts about as long as or longer than the flowers stalks

    + + Flower bracts exceeding the middle of the sepals = var. coerulea

    + + Flower bracts shorter than the middle of the sepals.

    + + + Inflorescence densely & persistently white-tomentose = var. intermedia

    + + + Inflorescence hairless during flowering = var. monteroana


    Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins and Biobío

    Distribution and habitat

    Distributed from the Region IV (Playa Las Tacas, 30°05 S) to Region VI (Cachapoal, 33°55S), between 500 and 2000 m above sea level. Mostly distributed in the coastal Cordillera. Grows on rocky outcrops in semiarid areas with sclerophyllous vegetation (Zizka et al., 2013).


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    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Lindley (1840a)

      Lindley, J. 1840. Puya coerulea. Edwards’s Botanical Register 26: pl 11

    • Smith & Downs (1974)

      Smith, L.B. and Downs, R.J. 1974. Flora Neotropica Monograph 14 Pitcairnioideae (Bromeliaceae)

    • Zizka et al. (2009)

      Zizka , G. , Schmidt, M. , Schulte, K. , Nova, P. , Pinto, R. and König, K. 2009. Chilean Bromeliaceae: diversity, distribution and evaluation of conservation status. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 2449-2471

    • Zizka et al. (2013)

      Zizka, G. , Schneider, J.V. , Schulte, K. and Novoa, P. 2013. Taxonomic revision of the Chilean Puya species (Puyoideae, Bromeliaceae), with special notes on the Puya alpestris-Puya berteroniana species complex. Brittonia 65 (4), 387-407.