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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Prumnopitys andina (Poepp. ex Endl.) de Laub.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Prumnopitys >
  3. Family: Podocarpaceae

Place of Publication

Blumea 24(1): 189 (1978)

Type citation

Based on Podocarpus spicatus. Chile, "Crescit in Chile australis alpinis frigidis, locis umbrosis convallis Quillai-Leuvu versus Antuco". Lectotype (designated by Molloy & Muñoz-Schick): Poeppig D880, January 1829, Herbarium Boissier, G; isolectotype: BR0000005 63286)


Common names

  • Lleuque
  • Lleuqui
  • Uva de Cordillera


  • Gardner et al. (2015): p. 38
  • Descriptions

    • Marticorena & Rodríguez (1995)
    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)


    Evergreen tree to 15 m tall.

    Key characteristics

    When sterile this species has been confused with Saxegothaea conspicua but the bark in this species is smooth and purplish and forms irregular brown-reddish patches. The young shoots are purple and the foliage of young extension growths are in whorls of up to seven shoots arranged all around the stem. In Prumnopitys andina the bark is smooth and bright grey and slightly bluish in colour and the shoots are never in whorls instead, they are spread upwards either side of the upper part of the main shoot.


    Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    The main distribution is within the Andes from Region Maule (province Linares) to Region Araucanía (province Malleco) along the Río Reigolil. It has an altitudinal range of between 200 to 1380 m. In the Coastal Cordillera it has a single, very small location to the east of P.N. Nahuelbuta. There are also two small populations in the Central Depression close to Victoria. Prumnopitys andina mostly occurs adjacent to watercourses and is associated with a wide range of tree species including Austrocedrus chilensis, Cryptocarya alba, Quillaja saponaria and Nothofagus species.


    Show all locations
    Here is #map_1


    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • de Laubenfels (1978)

      de Laubenfels, D 1978. The genus Prumnopitys (Podocarpaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 24(1):189-190

    • Rodríguez et al. (1983)

      Rodríguez, R. , Matthei , O. and Quezada , M. 1983. Flora Arbórea de Chile. Chile: Editorial de la Universidad de Concepción

    • Marticorena & Rodríguez (1995)

      Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez, R. 1995. Flora de Chile, Vol. 1 Pteridophyta-Gymnospermae. Universidad de Concepción

    • Molloy & Muñoz-Schick (1999)

      Molloy, B. and Muñoz-Schick, M. 1999. The correct name for the Chilean conifer Lleuque (Podocarpaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 189-193

    • Mill & Quinn (2001)

      Mill, R.R. and Quinn, C.J. 2001. Prumnopitys andina reinstated as the correct name for "lleuque", the Chilean conifer recently renamed P. spicata (Podocarpaceae). Taxon 50(4):1143-1154.

    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

      Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A