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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Nothofagus glauca (Phil.) Krasser

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Nothofagus >
  3. Family: Nothofagaceae

Place of Publication

Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 11: 163 (1896)

Synonyms

Common names

  • hualo
  • roble maulino
  • roble colorado
  • roble blanco

Conservation status

  • Vulnerable VU A4cd: B1ab(iii) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Habit

Deciduous tree to 30 m tall

Key characteristics

Easily distinguished from other Chilean Nothofagus species by its papery, exfoliating bark, which is rough and red-grey in older trees. The leaves are rough to the touch because of the presence of short, hard tubercles (Hechenleitner et al., 2005).

Regions

Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío and Ñuble

Distribution and habitat

Restricted to central Chile where it has a discontinuous distribution in both the Coastal and Andean Cordilleras from Región O'Higgins VI (province Cachapoal 33°52'S) to Region Biobío VIII (province Biobío 37°27'S). In the coastal range it has an altitudinal range of between 100 and 800 m and in the Andes, it occurs from 400 to 1100 m. In the Coastal Cordillera N. glauca occurs in maulino forest of which it is the dominant species and can occur with N. x leonii (N. glauca x N. obliqua) N. alessandrii and Gomortega keule. In the Andes it can form extensive forests and is associated with Azara petiolaris, Quillaja saponaria and Sophora cassioides.

Distribution

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Notes

Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

References

  • Krasser (1896)

    Krasser, F. 1896. Bemerkungen zur Sysstematik der Buchemn. Annalen des Kaiserlich-Königlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums 11:149-163

  • le Quesne et al. (2001)

    Le Quesne, C. and Sandoval, L. 2001. Extensión del límite sur para Nothofagus glauca (Phil.) Krasser. Gayana Botánica 58(2): 139-142

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

    Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A