The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Myrtaceae

Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel

Place of Publication

Rev. Mirt. Chile: 2 (1940)

Type citation

Based on Eugenia leptospermoides DC. "in Chili ex herb Deless" (lectotype: (designated by Landrum Fl. Neotrop. Monog. 29: 52 G-DC; probable isolectotype: RB).

Synonyms

Common names

  • macolla (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • murtilla del malo (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • chequen (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

References

  • Kausel (1940a)

    Kausel, E. 1940. Revisión de las Mirtáceas Chilensa 1-4. Santiago

  • Landrum (1986)

    Landrum, L.R. 1986. Campomanesia, Pimenta, Blepharocalyx, Legrandia, Acca, Myrrhinum and Luma. Flora Neotropica Monograph 45:131-133

  • Landrum (1988)

    Landrum, L R 1988. The Myrtle Family (Myrtaceae) in Chile. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 45(12):277-317

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

    Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A

  • Gómez, San Martín & Garrido. (2014)

    Gómez , P. , San Martín, J. and Garrido., P. 2014. Hallazgo de Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.)Kausel en la ladera costera occidental, sector de Quile, Región del Maule, Chile central. Chloris Chilensis:17(2)

Iconography

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): p.93
  • Landrum (1988): Fig. 12b

Regions

Maule, Biobío, Araucanía and Ñuble

Distribution and habitat

Restricted to a small coastal area from Region Biobío (Province Ňuble, 36º28’S) to Region Araucanía (Province Cautin, 38º44’S) where it is confined to humid or foggy habitats. It often grows as an under-story shrub close to rivers and lakes or on wet forested slopes, from sea-level to 300m. Much of its present-day habitat is much modified and suffers from encroachment from commercial forestry tree species (Hechenleitner, 2005).

Distribution

  • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
    • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
      • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
        • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
          • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
            • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
              • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                  • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                    • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                      • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                        • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                          • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                            • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                              • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                  • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                    • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                      • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                        • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
                                          • Myrceugenia leptospermoides (DC.) Kausel
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Conservation status

  • Endangered ENB1ab(iii) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Descriptions

  • Landrum (1986)
  • Landrum (1988)

Habit

Evergreen shrub 0.5-2 m tall.

Key characteristics

This species can be distinguished by its oblong-lanceolate leaves which are rounded at the apex and its hairy flower stalks. Compared with the older foliage, the young spring growth is a striking bright pale green. Although it can reach up to 2m tall, it tends to form a small, spreading delicate shrub. It can be confused with Myrceugenia pinifolia, but this species has leaves that are narrowly elliptic to linear, the apex is normally pointed and the new growth is bronze in colour (Hechenleitner et al. 2005).