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The Endemic Plants of Chile

Brassicaceae

Menonvillea chilensis (Turcz.) B.D. Jacks.

Place of Publication

Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 551 (1863)

Type citation

CHILE. [Región de Atacama]. Prov. Coquimbo, hills between Copiapo and Huasco, Mar 1842, T. Bridges 1279 (holotipo KW!; isotipos BM!, E!, G!, K!, LE!, P!).

Synonyms

References

  • Turczaninow (1863c)

    Turczaninow , N. 1863. Verbenaceae et Myoporaceae nonnullae hucusque indescriptae. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 36(2):193-227

  • Salariato et al. (2014)

    Salariato, D.L. , Zuloaga , F.O. and Al-Shehbaz, I.A. 2014. A revision of the genus Menonvillea (Cremolobeae, Brassicaceae). Phytotaxa 162(4):

Iconography

  • Salariato et al. (2014): fig. 18

Regions

Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo and Valparaíso

Habitat

Desert and Desert fog oasis

Distribution and habitat

Distributed in regions Antofagasta to Coquimbo from sea level to 800 metres. It grows on rocky hillsides, steep granite slopes, rock crevices, rocky beds, and ravines with scattered shrubs (Salariato, 2014).

Descriptions

  • Salariato et al. (2014)

Habit

Annual with stems 6−24 cm tall. Flowers between September and November.

Key characteristics

Menonvillea chilensis and M. orbiculata can be difficult to separate but the former includes sparsely floccose to glabrescent annuals with broadly oblong fruits 2.5−3.2 long, undulate wings. M. orbiculata includes usually densely floccose perennials (occasionally glabrescent or sparsely pubescent annuals or biennials) with suborbicular fruits 3.5−5.5 mm long, flat wings (Salariato, 2014).