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The Endemic Plants of Chile


Drimys andina (Reiche) R. Rodr. & Quezada

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Drimys >
  3. Family: Winteraceae

Place of Publication

Gayana, Bot. 48(1-4): 112 (1991)

Type citation

Based on Drimys winteri var andina Reiche "Cordillera del río Manso 900–1200 m. II 1896" (lectotype: SGO 49111).


Common names

  • Canelo enano
  • canelo andino


  • Gardner et al. (2015): p. 186
  • Rodríguez & Quezada (1991): Fig. 1


    • Rodríguez & Quezada (1991)


    Evergreen shrub to 1.5 m tall

    Key characteristics

    Drimys andina can be distinguished from D. winteri by its small, often compact habit forming a shrub to 1.5 m tall and never a tree. The leaves are elliptic rather than obovate to obovate-oblong as in D. winteri.


    Biobío, Araucanía and Los Lagos

    Distribution and habitat

    Restricted to southern Chile where its main distribution is in the Andes from Las Huellas (37°56'S) to Cordillera del río Manso (41°34'S). It has a much-limited distribution in the Coastal Cordillera where classic site includes Parque National Nahuelbuta and P.N. Alerce Costero. It has an altitudinal range of between 800 and 1500 m where it is often found associated with tree species such as Araucaria araucana, Fitzroya cupressoides, Nothofagus dombeyi and N. pumilio. Typical understory shrubs include Desfontainea fulgens, Maytenus distichus, Myrceugenia ovata ssp. nannophylla and M. chrysocarpa


    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Rodríguez & Quezada (1991)

      Rodríguez , R.A. and Quezada , M. 1991. New Combination in Drimys J.R. et G. Forster (Winteraceae) of Chile. Gayana. Botánica 48(1–4): 111-114