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The Endemic Plants of Chile

Citronella mucronata (Ruiz & Pav.) D. Don

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Citronella >
  3. Family: Cardiopteridaceae

Place of Publication

Edinburgh New Philos. J. 13: 243 (1832b)


Common names

  • guillipatagua
  • huillipatgua
  • naranjillo
  • patagua
  • pataguilla


  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): p.61
  • Descriptions

    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)


    Evergreen tree to over 10 m tall. Flowering from September to November. Fruit matures from February to May


    Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Ríos and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    Extensive north-south, discontinuous, distribution from Region IV (province Limarí, 30°40’S) to Region X (province Osorno, 40°30’S). It occurs in the Andes and in the Coastal Cordillera and has an altitudinal range of between 15 to1400 m. It usually grows in the sclerophyllous forets as isolated individuals or in small stands on shaded hillsides and in humid valleys. It is particularly frequent in the Roble-Hualo forest type, where it can grow with Nothofagus dombeyi and N. nervosa depending on the latitude. In Reserva Nacional Los Bellotos del Melado, in the Andes, it is associated with Beilschmiedia berteroana, Cryptocarya alba, Nothofagus glauca and Quillaja saponaria. In more northern coastal habitats it is often associated with Aextoxicon punctatum, Beilschmiedia miersii, Cryptocarya alba and Schinus latifolius. In the south of its range it is a very scarce.


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    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Don D. (1832b)

      Don, D. 1832b. On the characters and affinities of certain genera chiefly belonging to the flora peruviana. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 13: 233-244

    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

      Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A

    • Hechenleitner & Gardner (2006)

      Hechenleitner, P and Gardner, M. F. 2006. Citronella mucronata (Ruiz & Pav.) D. Don. In: Donoso, C (Ed.), Las especies arbóreas de los bosques templados de Chile y Argentina : autoecología, pp. 197-200. Marisa Cuneo Ed. Valdivia, Chile. Concepción, Chile.