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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Calceolaria integrifolia L.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Calceolaria >
  3. Family: Calceolariaceae

Place of Publication

Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 31: 289 (1770)

Type citation

Feuillée, L.E., J. obs. 3 (Hist. pi. médic): tab VIL 1725. "C. Salviae folio, vulgo Chachaul". Epitype (Ehrhart, 1997): Zwisch en Concepción und Sta. Juana, km 28,2, am

StraBenrand, 11 Jan 1995, Ehrhart & Sonderegger



  • Ehrhart (2005): fig. 20
  • Descriptions

    • Ehrhart (2005)


    Erect shrub 50-80 cm tall.


    Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos and Ñuble

    Distribution and habitat

    This species has an extensive (but somewhat uncertain) distribution from Province Cardenal (Region O'Higgins) to probably Valdivia (Region Los Rios), mainly close to the coast.


    This is an extremely variable species depending on habitat and latitude. Northern populations grow as gnarled, dwarf shrubs, while plants further south are bigger and better formed. Plants growing close to the sea are more gnarled due to the influence of the wind and have broader leaves especially in southern populations. Further inland plants are often bigger and where conditions are drier or at higher altitudes the leaves are almost lanceolate with more deeply denticulate margins.

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Ehrhart (2000)

      Ehrhart, C. 2000. Bibliotheca Botanica 153: Die Gattung Calceolaria (Scrophulariaceae) in Chile. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung

    • Ehrhart (2005)

      Ehrhart , C 2005. The Chilen Calceolaria integrifolia a.l. species complex (Scrophulariaceae). Systematic Botany 30: 383-411

    • Linnaeus (1770)

      Linnaeus , C 1770. Calceolaria pinnata, En rar Vaext, beskrifven. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar 31:286-292