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The Endemic Plants of Chile


Berberis actinacantha Mart. ex Schult. & Schult.f.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Berberis >
  3. Family: Berberidaceae

Place of Publication

Syst. Veg. 7: 12 (1829)

Type citation

Chile. "Baths of Collina," Macrae s.n. (holotype, BR!, = ASU photo!; isotype, G!).


Common names

  • Michay


  • Landrum (1999): Figs. 2A, 3A & B, 6A, 9A & B
  • Descriptions

    • Landrum (1999)
    • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)


    Evergeen shrub to 1 m tall. Flowering mainly from August to November. Fruiting mainly November to December.

    Key characteristics

    Stigma sessile, stamens with tooth-like appendages; spines star-like or foliaceous; inflorescence a several-flowered umbel; leaves with toothed margins, smooth below, usually not glaucous below (Landrum, 1999).


    Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos and Ñuble


    Desert and Desert fog oasis

    Distribution and habitat

    From Paposo (Region Antofagasta) to Temuco (Region Araucanía); from 100 to 1900 m. A shrub of sclerophyllous scrub vegetation of central Chile where it is locally abundant (Landrum, 1999). In the northern part of its range it often occurs on the summits of coastal mountains which are subject to coastal fog. Such locations include Parque Nacional Fray Jorge, Cerro Talinay, Santa Inés and El Boldo (Zapallar).


    Show all locations
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    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.


    • Landrum (1999)

      Landrum, L.R. 1999. Revision of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Chile and Adjacent Southern Argentina. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84(4): 793-804

    • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2003)

      Marticorena , C. and Rodríguez , R. 2003. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2(2) Berberidaceae-Betulaceae. Universidad de Concepción

    • Schultes & Schultes (1829)

      Schultes, J.A. and Schultes, J.H. 1829. Systema Vegetabilium 7(1): 12