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The Endemic Plants of Chile

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Beilschmiedia berteroana (Gay) Kosterm.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Beilschmiedia >
  3. Family: Lauraceae

Place of Publication

Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 35: 858 (1938)

Synonyms

Common names

  • belloto del sur
  • belloto del centro
  • avellano

Conservation status

  • Endangered EN B1ab(i-v); C2a(i) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Descriptions

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

Habit

Evergreen tree to 15 m tall. Flowering from September to November. Fruits ripening from March to April

Key characteristics

This species is very similar to B. miersii and can be difficult to identify. The leaf venation of B. berteroana is with 5–7 pairs of primary veins and B. miersii there are10–12. The tepals of B. berteroana are hairless while in B. miersii they are covered in dense reddish brown hairs (Kostermans, 1938). The fruit of B. berteroana is up to 2 x 2 cm, globose, pruinose and greenish yellow while in B. miersii the fruit are up to 2.5 x 5 cm, ellipsoid and streaked red (Hechenleitner et al., 2005).

Regions

Metropolitana, Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule and Ñuble

Distribution and habitat

Restricted to only 8 sub-populations distributed from Region VI (province Melipilla, 34°10’S) to Region VIII (province Ňuble, 36°43’S). It grows at an altitude ranging from 60 to 1800m in the Andes, Central Depression and Coastal Cordillera. In the Andes it occurs on rocky slopes close to watercourses in vegetation which consists of a mixture of sclerophyllous species which can include Aextoxicon punctatum, Azara petiolaris, Crypyocarya alba, Laurelia sempervirens and Nothofagus glauca. The only known Coastal Cordillera sub-population occurs at Reserva Nacional Robleria del Cobre de Loncha grows with Citronella mucronata and Nothofagus macrocarpa.

Distribution

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References

  • Kostermans (1938)

    Kostermans , A.J.G.H. 1938. Revision of the Lauraceae V. The genera Endlicheria, Cryptocarya (American species) and Licaria. Recueil des Travaux Botaniques Néerlandais 35:834-931

  • Marticorena & Rodríguez (2001)

    Marticorena, C. and Rodríguez, R. 2001. Flora de Chile, Vol. 2 Winteraceae-Ranunculaceae

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

    Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A

  • Cabello et al. (2006)

    Cabello, A. , Hechenleitner, P. and Gardner, M. F. 2006. Beilschmiedia berteroana (Gay) Kosterman. In: Donoso, C (Ed.), Las especies arbóreas de los bosques templados de Chile y Argentina : autoecología, pp. 178-179. Marisa Cuneo Ed. Valdivia, Chile. Concepción, Chile.

  • Ricci et al. (2007)

    Ricci, M. , González, H. , Cerda, R. , Aguilar , A. and Celis, O. 2007. Ampliación del límite norte de distribución del belloto del sur (Beilschmiedia berteroana, Lauraceae). Chloris Chilensis: 2(2)