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The Endemic Plants of Chile – an Annotated Checklist

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Avellanita bustillosii Phil.

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Avellanita >
  3. Family: Euphorbiaceae

Place of Publication

Linnaea 30(2): 512-513 (1859)

Type citation


Common names

  • Avellanita (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))
  • Nogal del norte (Hechenleitner et al. (2005))

Conservation status

  • CR B2ab (iii) (Hechenleitner et al. (2005)) (Medina & Rojas (2018))
  • EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(ii) (Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (2007))

Iconography

  • Hechenleitner et al. (2005): page 49
  • Descriptions

    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

    Habit

    Well-branched shrub 2-3 m tall. Flowers from September to January

    Regions

    Valparaíso, Metropolitana and Del General Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins

    Distribution and habitat

    A narrow endemic of the Coastal Cordillera of central Chile with scattered populations from Altos de Putaendo (Province of San Felipe) to the summit of Trocalán (Province of Cachapoal). It occurs from 350-1300 m above sea level in scleophyllous vegetation and typically associtaed species include the tree species: Cryptocarya alba, Peumus boldus and sometimes Beilschmiedia miersii. Associated shrubs can include: Cestrum parqui, Colliguaja odorifera, Escallonia illinita, Kageneckia oblonga, Lithrea caustica, Podanthus mitiqui and Retanilla trinervis.

    Distribution

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    Notes

    In recent years' additional populations have been descovered for this highly precarious species. In 2013, a botanical survey of the pre-andean mountain range of the O'Higgins Region, discovered a new site close to the town of Requinoa (Medina & Rojas, 2018). In 2016 two new populations were descovered near to Putaendo in the Region of Valparaíso ( Cádiz-Véliz & Aliaga-Reyes, 2019).

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

    References

    • Philippi R.A. (1895b)

      Philippi, R.A. 1895b. Plantas nuevas Chilenas de las familais que corresponden al tomo V de la obra de Gay. Anales de la Universidad de Chile 91: 5-47, 105-160, 243-275, 415-432, 487-526, 607-635

    • Hechenleitner et al. (2005)

      Hechenleitner, P. , Gardner, M.F. , Thomas, P.I. , Echeverría, C , Escobar, B. , Brownless, P. and Martínez A., C. 2005. Plantas amenazadas del centro-sur de Chile: distribución, conservación y propagación, 1a edición. Valdivia: Trama Impresores S.A

    • Medina & Rojas (2018)

      Medina, P and Rojas, G 2018. Nueva localidad para Avellanita bustillosii Phil. (Euphorbiaceae) en la Región de O ́Higgins y su estado de conservación. Gayana Botánica. 75(1): 539-54

    • Cádiz-Véliz & Aliaga-Reyes (2019)

      Cádiz-Véliz, A and Aliaga-Reyes, C 2019. Nuevo registro para Avellanita bustillosii Phil. (Euphorbiaceae) en la Región de Valparaíso, Chile. Gayana Botánica 76(2): 253-256

    • Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (2007)

      Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, 2007. Inventario nacional de especies de Chile. Avellanita bustillosii (Phil. 1864)