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The Endemic Plants of Chile – an Annotated Checklist

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Aimara rollinsii (Al-Shehbaz & Martic.) Salariato & Al-Shehbaz

  1. Classified in >
  2. genus: Aimara >
  3. Family: Brassicaceae

Place of Publication

Taxon 62(6): 1230 (2013)

Type citation

Based on: Menonvillea rollinsii Al-Shehbaz & Martic. J. Arnold Arbor. 71:135. (1990). Holotype: CHILE. [Región de Antofagasta]. Camino de Chuquicamata a Conchi, 2700 m, 5 Apr. 1961, M. Ricardi, C. Marticorena & O. Matthei 445 (CONC No. 93507!; isotype: GH! [fragm. ex CONC]).

Synonyms

Iconography

  • Salariato et al. (2014): fig. 8
  • Al-Shehbaz & Marticorena (1990): fig. 1

    Descriptions

    • Salariato et al. (2013)

    Habit

    Dwarf shrub 15–20 cm tall. Flowers from January to October.

    Key characteristics

    This monospecific genus is closley related to Cremolobus and Menonvillea but differs by having a shrubby habit, minute trichomes (hairs) almost throughout, sessile and linear fleshy leaves, marginally crisped petals, and laterally compressed fruit (Salariato, 2013).

    Regions

    Tarapacá, Antofagasta and Atacama

    Distribution and habitat

    Aimara rollinsii is endemic to northwestern Chile where it grows at altitudes ranging from 2500–4096 m. It grows in open, very dry habitats that have an average annual rainfall of only ca. 9 mm. It is associated with plants such as Adesmia atacamensis, Argylia tomentosa, Cristaria spp. (two spesies), Cryptantha linearis, C. parviflora, Solanum sitiens, Tetragonia trigona and Tricholine caulescens.

    Distribution

    Classic Locations

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    Notes

    Seed of this species is banked by the national seed bank of Chile, INIA.

    References

    • Al-Shehbaz & Marticorena (1990)

      Al-Shehbaz, I.A. and Marticorena, C 1990. Menonvillea rollinsii (Brassicaceae), a new shrubby species from Chile. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 71: 135-138.

    • Salariato et al. (2013)

      Salariato, D. , Zuloaga, F.O. and Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of Menonvillea and recognition of the new genus Aimara (Brassicaceae: Cremolobeae)Taxon 62(6): 1220–1234

    • Márquez et al. (2017)

      Márquez, C. , Macaya-Berti, J. , Cárdenas, M.P. , Barría , J. and Jiménez, H. 2017. Nuevos registros de especies nativas e introducidas para la Región de Tarapacá, Chile. Chloris Chilensis 20(1)